Interdisciplinary PhD program in Structural and Computational Biology and Quantitative Biosciences

Jeffrey D. Hardin

Raymond E. Keller Professor, Department of Integrative Biology Lab Website jdhardin@wisc.edu(608) 262-9634

327 Zoology Research Building
1117 W Johnson St
Madison, WI 53706-1705

Education

B.A.,B.S., Michigan State University
Ph.D., University of California-Berkeley
Postdoctoral, Duke University

Epithelial migration and embryonic development

We study how sheets of cells (epithelial cells) rearrange, migrate, and adhere to one another in the forming epidermis, or hypodermis, of the early C. elegans embryo. We use a variety of approaches to study epithelial morphogenesis, including genetics, genomics, and advanced microscopy. Because the events we study occur in all animal embryos, what we are discovering has relevance for understanding fundamental processes during normal embryonic development. By studying what molecular processes control cell movements and cell adhesion, we hope to shed light on basic mechanisms of cancer metastasis, and on the events that lead to common birth defects.

We study three major events, all of which occur in virtually all animal embryos:
(1) Polarity during dorsal intercalation, a directed cell rearrangement
(2) Actin networks during ventral enclosure, an example of epithelial sheet sealing
(3) The cadherin complex and mobilization of the actin cytoskeleton at cell-cell junctions

We have also developed advanced microscopy techniques that have broad applications:
(i) 4d microscopy
(ii) Correlative electron microscopy

Cpaa_ablation

C. elegans embryo expressing AJM-1::GFP in which the founder cell Cpaa was ablated to remove the left-hand dorsal epidermal cells [Ryan King]. Such ablations allow examination of cell autonomy during epithelial cell rearrangement.

dlg-1_gfp_cyan

C. elegans embryo undergoing ventral enclosure expressing a DLG-1::GFP translational fusion
protein pseudocolored cyan, imaged using multiphoton excitation microscopy [Mathias Koeppen].

hmp-1_ajm-1

An elongating C. elegans embryo stained for HMP-1/α-catenin (green) and AJM-1 (red),
imaged using deconvolution microscopy [Jeff SImske].

Areas of Expertise

  • Membrane & Cellular Biophysics
  • Spectroscopy Microscopy Imaging
  • Structural Biology